Penicillin and prostheses. UNRRA’s help in rehabilitating Poland’s medical industries after World War II When World War II
came to an end, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) offered substantial aid to many countries, including Poland. It provided food, medicine and clothing to millions of war victims, and also provided ‘help to self-help’ the nations as a whole, by assisting local government entities in reconstructing industry, agriculture, and transportation infrastructure in the war-torn countries. For example, a penicillin factory and a prosthetic production facility were built in Poland as part of the UNRRA program. This paper draws a comparison between disabled veterans and the early postwar states. The latter, also significantly affected by the war, had to be similarly aided and rehabilitated in order to regain their ability to perform their everyday duties. The article sheds light on how the artificial limb plant program was negotiated to meet the needs of Poland and its war veterans.
Key words: UNRRA, post-war reconstruction, pharmaceutical industry, war veterans, prostheses, disability
Słowa kluczowe: UNRRA, odbudowa powojenna, przemysł farmaceutyczny, inwalidzi wojenni, protezy, niepełnosprawność